Health security is a global public good that is first and foremost based on actions at the national level. The need to strengthen country capacities to prevent, detect and respond to all hazards is an integral part of the Agenda 2030, and it is underlined by the WHO International Health Regulations (IHR 2005), the OIE Standards, and the UN Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.

Capacity building requires country ownership and a One Health approach. Health security involves a variety of sectors such as animal and human health, agriculture, defense, development, environment, food safety, planning, public safety, tourism, trade and transport.

Health risks do not recognize national borders. Common challenges require joint responses and enable mutual learning. To support country assessment processes and the resulting work on building country capacity for health security, a multi-stakeholder JEE Alliance (Alliance for Country Assessments for Global Health Security and IHR Implementation) was formed on 22 May 2016 in Geneva, Switzerland. The JEE Alliance is a platform that brings together like-minded actors from relevant sectors in different countries, organizations and other stakeholders involved in health security. It promotes transparency in exchanging information, supports linking national planning and implementation to follow on the results of evaluations, and aims at creating innovative solutions and opportunities for supporting country capacity building.